The Munich Disaster: Part XII

We are now coming to a close on the Munich series, having looked at the impact of the disaster on the team and the communities. Now, we will have a look at the modern evidence to suggest that the memories of the Munich disaster have become twisted because of the tribalism now seen among fans.


There is also contemporary evidence to suggest that Munich is not forgotten in modern society. On 8 December 2006, Sir Bobby Charlton and the Mayor of Dublin were at the opening ceremony for the renaming of a railway bridge to the Liam Whelan Bridge in commemoration of Billy Whelan, who died only aged 22 in Munich. The Flowers of Manchester, released in 1962 on the Spinners first album Quayside Songs Old and New, was a ballad written anonymously within weeks of the disaster. Recognised still by the Stretford end favourite with a banner commemorating the lyrics, the song has become one of the greatest symbols of remembrance. Since 2001, fans gather underneath the Munich memorial at Old Trafford before the home closest to the memorial to sing the Flowers of Manchester together, and it is something recognised by the club. However, I was recently discussing the memorial with a fan who went to sing under the memorial but he told me how the singing was interrupted by 2 buses filled with tourists who rushed past, taking pictures and interrupting those who were singing. It is a testament to the impact of the Munich disaster that contemporary fans still annually remember those who were lost, despite the new waves of fans not truly appreciating the club’s history.

Memorial for the Munich Disaster in Trudering

Memorials also exist in Munich. As one can see (left), the cross is decorated by a trough of flowers in loving memory of those lost. According the, a memorial website dedicated to the legacy of the Munich disaster, the translation on the stone reads ‘In memory of the victims of the air disaster of February 6 1958 including members of the football team of Manchester United and victims from Trudering’. Also, in September 2004, United funded the formation of a granite plaque memorial just metres from the wooden pre-existing one. Hermann Memmel, who campaigned for years for the memorial highlighted how this ‘represented a contribution to international understanding between England and Germany that is not to be underestimated’, underlying the significant link that Munich established between England and Germany.    

In the past 20 or so years however, the creation of an intense rivalry between Manchester United and Manchester City has caused Munich to become commonly used as a derogatory term by Manchester City fans. The rise of Alex Ferguson’s squad in the 1990s marked a period of total domestic domination by United, winning 6 league titles and 4 F.A. Cups during the decade. As such, a divide was created between Manchester City and United. It was feared by the press and the upper echelons of Manchester United that during the one minute silence during the Manchester Derby on the 50th anniversary of the Munich disaster in February 2008, Manchester City fans would be disrespectful to the lost and break the silence. They couldn’t have been more judgemental, and more wrong:

The 50th anniversary of the Munich disaster was a sombre affair for both parties

“Then comes the moment everyone has been anticipating: the minute’s silence. And what a silence it is. The crowd falls utterly quiet…the City followers stand mute, blue and white scarves above their heads, faces solemn…This is not a day for commercialism. It is a day for remembering.”

This picture speaks volumes for the legacy of Munich and the position it still upholds in Manchester. All rivalry between fans became lost in a communal effort to show respect and remember. Despite previous misconceptions, the fans remained silent. Theoretically, this is not surprising as Frank Swift, ex-Manchester City goalkeeper, died on that fateful day in 1958. Realistically, it is something that not many expected but everybody remembered, and for the right reasons.

Conversely, Manchester City and Manchester United fans alike have been the perpetrators of extremely disrespectful behaviour. It is a shame that the tribalism culture that Tom Clare picked up on is one that has become prominent in modern day football. In the pictures shown on the next page, one can see how Munich is used clearly by Manchester City fans as a derogatory phrase, despite the fact that Frank Swift, who was one of Manchester City’s greatest goalkeepers, died in the crash. What is interesting however is that this graffiti was in response to some Manchester United fans writing ‘Foe C**nts’ near the City of Manchester stadium first. Marc-Vivien Foe was a footballer who tragically died during an international fixture for Cameroon in 2003.

Graffiti near Old Trafford, February 2011

He had played for Manchester City on loan and following his death, City have since retired his number and set up a memorial in his memory. It is upsetting to see the names and memories of incidents used in derogatory fashion but evidently, some football fans overvalue the importance of football.

Graffiti on a pub in Eastlands, November 2010

Football’s place in Manchester society evolved because of Munich. The immediate tragedy, embodied by the overwhelming of the news and media outlets was marked by communal grieving and a city-wide sense of personal loss that research suggests, as shown, still holds resonance today. It is disappointing to see how the tribalism amongst fans has caused the immortalisation of the Busby Babes to be used in a derogatory fashion at points but it only further emphasises the strength of the legacy that it left behind on the community. With fans still annually commemorating through their own collective efforts and newspapers not letting memories fade, the memories of Munich will never die in Manchester. 

The impact the disaster had was too great on the community for time to let the legacy fade. It may be part of the club’s history, just as Ernest Mangnall’s pre-war reign was, but in the eyes of the community, it played a major role in their memory and the construction of United’s image with 


It seems a shame to the memories of the disaster that events such as the ones stated above happen today. It is not something that can be avoided because there are some fans that take football further than it should be. In some minds, football is indeed more than a game.


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